food allergies

Table of Contents

A food allergy is the body’s adverse reaction to certain proteins found in food. These reactions can range from mild to severe and can affect people of all ages, including babies. Common food allergies include nuts, milk, eggs, soy, wheat, and fish. Identifying and managing food allergies early on is crucial for your baby’s well-being. As you walk on the path of parenthood, it is essential to understand the early stages of your baby’s life. Being aware of potential challenges, including food allergies, is crucial even during the feeding stage. In this blog post, we will have a look into the details of food allergies, their symptoms, testing options available in Dubai, and the importance of at-home healthcare services such as allergy tests, food intolerance tests, blood/urine tests, and baby care.

Types of Food Allergies

Let’s understand the different types of food allergies and their distinctive characteristics.

1. IgE-Mediated Allergies:

  • What it is? This type of allergy involves the immune system’s production of Immunoglobulin E (IgE) antibodies in response to certain proteins in food.
  • Symptoms: IgE-mediated allergies typically cause immediate and noticeable reactions. Symptoms may include hives, itching, swelling, abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and, in severe cases, anaphylaxis.
  • Common Allergens: Peanuts, tree nuts, shellfish, fish, eggs, and milk are often associated with IgE-mediated allergies.

2. Non-IgE-Mediated Allergies:

  • What is it? Non-IgE-mediated allergies involve the immune system’s response without the production of IgE antibodies. This type of allergy is often delayed and may take hours or even days to manifest.
  • Symptoms: These allergies may result in a digestive system such as colic, reflux, and eosinophilic disorders. Skin conditions like eczema are also common non-IgE-mediated allergy symptoms.
  • Common Allergens: Cow’s milk, soy, and certain grains are frequently linked to non-IgE-mediated allergies.

3. Mixed Allergies:

  • What is it? Mixed allergies involve a combination of both IgE-mediated and non-IgE-mediated responses to different allergens.
  • Symptoms: The symptoms can vary, encompassing both immediate and delayed reactions. Mixed allergies can present challenges in diagnosis due to the diverse nature of the immune response.
  • Common Allergens: Various food groups may trigger mixed allergies, making it essential to identify and manage each component of the allergy separately.

Understanding the types of food allergies is crucial because it influences the approach to testing and treatment. IgE-mediated allergies often respond well to antihistamines and, in severe cases, may require epinephrine in emergencies. Non-IgE-mediated allergies may involve dietary modifications and specialized formulas for infants.

The management of mixed allergies requires a comprehensive approach that addresses both immediate and delayed symptoms. An accurate diagnosis, often through a combination of skin prick tests, blood tests, and clinical history, is essential for effective management.

Recognizing Food Allergy Symptoms in Babies

Diagnosing food allergies in babies can be challenging, as they may not be able to communicate their discomfort verbally. However, attentive parents can observe certain signs and symptoms that may indicate a potential food allergy. It’s important to note that these symptoms can vary in severity, and if you suspect your baby has a food allergy, it is advisable to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and guidance. Here are some common signs and symptoms of food allergies in babies:

Skin Reactions:

  • Hives: Raised, red welts on the skin that may be itchy.
  • Eczema: Persistent dry, itchy, and inflamed skin, often appearing as red patches.

Digestive Tract Symptoms:

  • Vomiting: Forceful expulsion of stomach contents.
  • Diarrhea: Frequent, loose, or watery stools.
  • Abdominal Pain: Baby may show signs of discomfort, such as arching the back or crying during feeding.

Lung Symptoms:

  • Coughing: Persistent coughing is not related to illness.
  • Wheezing: High-pitched whistling sounds during breathing.

Facial Swelling:

  • Swelling of the Face: Particularly around the eyes, lips, or tongue.

Nasal Congestion:

  • Stuffy or Runny Nose: Excessive mucus production or nasal congestion.

Irritability and Changes in Behavior:

  • Irritability: Unexplained fussiness or irritability, especially after feeding.
  • Changes in Sleep Patterns: Disruptions in sleep or difficulty settling down.

Failure to Thrive:

  • Poor Weight Gain: Insufficient weight gain or failure to thrive despite regular feeding.

Unexplained Crying:

  • Excessive Crying: Prolonged and inconsolable crying without an apparent reason. Example: crying for 5 minutes, stopping for 1 minute, then continuing to cry.

Changes in Bowel Movements:

  • Blood in Stool: The presence of blood in the stool may indicate a gastrointestinal reaction.

It’s important to remember that these symptoms can be caused by various factors, and not all indicate a food allergy. Additionally, some allergic reactions may be immediate, while others can be delayed, making the identification of the culprit food challenging.

Importance of Food Allergy Testing

If you suspect your baby has a food allergy, seeking professional help for food allergy testing is crucial. In Dubai, there are reliable services that offer comprehensive food allergy testing. These tests can include skin prick tests, blood tests, and oral food challenges. Understanding the type and severity of the allergy is the first step toward effective management.

Food Allergy Testing in Dubai

In Dubai, accessing food allergy testing has never been easier. Connect with AIMS Healthcare as they offer a range of tests to identify specific allergens affecting your baby. From skin prick tests to blood tests, these diagnostic tests provide valuable insights into your baby’s sensitivities, allowing for tailored dietary adjustments. If necessary, AIMS Healthcare also provides services such as “Doctor at Home”, “Pediatrician at Home” and “Diet and Nutrition at Home” to ensure personalized care within your comfort.

Baby-Friendly Healthcare at Home

In Dubai, convenience is of utmost importance, especially when it comes to healthcare services. At-home medical care has become a popular and stress-free alternative to traditional hospital visits. Parents can now have their children’s allergy tests and baby care services conducted in the comfort of their own homes, which not only provides peace of mind but also eliminates unnecessary travel hassles.

Benefits of At-Home Allergy Testing

  • Comfort and Familiarity: Babies are more at ease in their environment, reducing stress during tests.
  • Convenience: Avoid the hassle of commuting to a clinic, saving time and energy.
  • Personalized Care: At-home services offer a personalized touch, ensuring a thorough examination tailored to your baby’s needs.
  • Prompt Results: Receive most test results as quickly as 2 hours, allowing timely intervention and dietary adjustments.


As parents, your baby’s health and safety are of utmost importance. Understanding the signs of food allergies, opting for professional food allergy testing in Dubai, and embracing the convenience of at-home healthcare services can make a significant difference in ensuring a safe and healthy start for your little one. By staying informed and proactive, you empower yourself to provide the best care for your baby, fostering a happy and thriving future.

Frequently Asked Questions

Introduce solid foods around 6 months, starting with single ingredients. Breastfeed for the first 6 months to reduce allergy risk.

Family history of allergies, premature birth, low birth weight, and early exposure to allergenic foods before 6 months increase the risk.

Common allergens include cow’s milk, eggs, peanuts, tree nuts, soy, wheat, and fish. Introduce one at a time, especially if there’s a family history.

Babies can develop allergies at any age, often when introducing solid foods around 6 months. Pay attention to reactions and consult a healthcare provider if needed.

Yes, baby food allergies may improve as the child’s immune system matures. However, the persistence of allergies varies, and healthcare professionals should closely monitor allergies like peanuts and shellfish as they may persist into adulthood.

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